To this day, I still don't understand why some (too many) people think women should train differently than men. Of course there are some exceptions (figure athletes, pregnant clients, and sport-specific training vs those in the general public, perhaps), but when it comes to general health, I just don't see why women should be training differently than men. I know the girls I train bust their butts in the weight room and equally so when it comes to their conditioning. Personally, the only thing that changes is the language I use both during and between sessions.
For example, a lower body power exercise such a Squat Jump is known to improve bilateral leg strength and power. Technically, it also improves the function and aesthetics of the glutes. Therefore, my verbal feedback to men may be something like, "this will help you jump higher and develop strong legs." The ladies may hear, "this will help firm your thighs and make your butt look better." In the end, it's all true but it's about relaying what I know will improve the given client(s).
All in all, the only appreciable training difference between the sexes comes down to the language I use with them. Both genders need to train hard, eat right, and get plenty of rest to look and feel their best.
I was looking through a few articles and found a piece from Integrate Fitness 411 that discussed this very topic. Here is a piece of the article I really enjoyed and agreed with: